The lawn tends to be one of the biggest focal points on any property and will leave an impression on visitors to the property. As such, most people want to have a thick, healthy lawn that always looks great. Along with being a focal point of any property, a well manicured and well maintained lawn can possibly increase a property’s value. Because it can be difficult to maintain grass grown from seed, especially in certain climates, an alternative is turf grass. Turf grass is available in a number of different types including artificial turf. The type of turf that is chosen for a property will be dependent on a number of factors including climate and the amount of foot traffic the turf can withstand. The following are some common types of turf grass.
Artificial turf is a type of turf grass that is made entirely from synthetic fibers. It is made to look like real, natural grass. While turf grass was previously only used for areas such as sports arenas, it is now being used for commercial and residential lawns. Artificial turf stands up to heavy use, requires no trimming or mowing, and needs no irrigation. Artificial turf does however have a limited life and does require periodic cleaning.
Centipedegrass tends to do best in climates found in the southeastern part of the US. It is a relatively low maintenance type of turf due to its tolerance of higher temperatures and its need for relatively little water. Centipedegrass can be identified by its flattened, compressed sheaths, and leaves that are rolled into the bud. Centidepedegrass blades are generally less than one quarter inch wide and feature a strong vein.
Bahiagrass does best in the southeastern and southwestern parts of the US. It is considered a warm season type of turf grass with a finer texture than other similar types. The blades of bahiagrass turf are folded or flat, and are generally more than one quarter inch wide. Bahiagrass does not do very well in soil with a high pH.
Kentucky bluegrass performs well in most parts of the US. It is considered a cool season turf that was originally native to parts of Europe. Due to the fact that Kentucky bluegrass is a sod-forming, perennial grass, it is a great choice for many lawns. This turf is also tolerant of colder temperatures and is less commonly found in very warm climates near the Gulf Coast. Kentucky bluegrass can be identified by its folded leaves and blades that are less than one eighth inch wide. The blades tend to have a dark green color with a boat shaped tip.
Perennial ryegrass can be found all throughout the US but is generally less common in southern parts of the country. It is considered a cool season grass and does well in areas with moderate temperatures. Perennial ryegrass is great due to its tolerance of foot traffic and its resistance to pests. This type of turf can be identified by blades that are shiny and smooth on the underside and are one eighth to one quarter inch wide. Perennial ryegrass is not very tolerant of colder temperatures, or extremely dry, hot weather.
With proper maintenance, creeping bentgrass can stay alive in many parts of the US; it is however considered a high maintenance type of turf. Creeping bentgrass has a dense, shallow root system. It is generally used for tennis and golf courts. This type of turf is not recommended for lawn use and requires specialized equipment for proper care.
Tall fescue turf can be found throughout most parts of the US. It is a cool season grass that is durable and well suited to completely sunny or partially shaded lawns. Tall fescue is known for being tolerant to drought, heat, and lots of traffic. This type of turf features strongly veined, flat blades of grass that are pointy at the tip. Tall fescue requires lots of water and is not very tolerant of cold weather.
Fine fescue turf can be found throughout the US with the exception of some southern states. It is a cool season, low maintenance turf that does well in the shade. It also requires low nitrogen and does not require much moisture to survive. Fine fescue is commonly found on campsites, home lawns, and public areas. It can be identified by its extremely narrow blades, that are slightly folded, and bristly. Fine fescue does not do well in areas with excessive moisture.
- Turf Grass Identification Guide
- Different Types of Artificial Turf
- Turfgrass Choices – Which Species Should We Use?
- Common Turfgrass Species
- Turf Answers – Grass Selection
- Maintaining Your Lawn
- Basic Turfgrass Care
- Turfgrass Science – Home Lawns
- Synthetic Turf vs. Natural Grass Fields
- Why Artificial Grass is Gaining Popularity